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Anxiety: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Anxiety is not an abnormal reaction as you may have supposed. In fact, the human brain is expected to respond to stress, fear, or tension. However, when the anxiety prolongs for as long as six months, it becomes a disorder that needs medical attention.

Here are the important things you should know about anxiety disorder and how to respond to it.

What Are Anxiety Disorders?

Anxiety disorder is when you feel unease about a particular change or situation for an extended period. It becomes worrisome and may eventually affect the individual’s mental health. According to the American Psychiatric Association, more women in society have an anxiety disorder than men.

There is nothing wrong with looking forward to a new job or home, but it should not overcrowd your emotions. Anxiety is what you may have felt during your daily activity but did not go beyond that. However, anxiety disorder is greatly disturbing and usually accompanied by fear. The affected individual will find it difficult to get things done, as there will be lesser actions but more deep thoughts.

An anxiety disorder may eventually lead to depression while you stop finding pressure in things you enjoy doing. You may eventually lose interest in simple habits like exercising or gym visits.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety, the most common emotional disorder in humans, occurs in several forms. This helps the doctors to specify the needed treatments and encourage patients to stay away from certain causes.

  • Panic disorder: Panic attack results when the fear in an individual is intense or has been occurring for a long time. This attack is usually associated with excessive sweats, chest pain, and palpitations—the affected individual lives in fear of the next panic attack or shock.
  • Phobia: Phobia describes a situation where a person is extra fearful of an object or activity.
  • Social anxiety disorder is a fear of being unfit in a social gathering.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder: An individual repeating the same action based on a recurring thought process.
  • Separation anxiety disorder is a fear of not being close to someone you love.
  • Illness anxiety disorder is also known as hypochondria, which is being fearful about any slight health discomfort.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): A traumatic experience may lead to fear when faced with any similar incident or situation.
Concept image of anxiety and negative emotion. Waste paper and head silhouette.

What are the Symptoms of Anxiety?

The extent of anxiety symptoms depends majorly on the affected individual. It may be as simple as just worrying about a particular case. Other severe symptoms would include panic attacks, nightmares, and painful thoughts.

The following are the common symptoms to watch out for:

  • Restlessness
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Lack of concentration
  • Rapid breathing
  • Sleeplessness

This article recommends you consult Nurseline community service to identify symptoms that are not common with other people.

What is an Anxiety Attack?

An anxiety attack surfaces when the mind and body have been overstressed. However, it does not show up overnight due to worry and fear. It develops slowly until the body can no longer contain its effects.

Although the symptoms of anxiety attack vary from one person to another, the common symptoms are:

  • Dizziness
  • Dryness
  • Chills or hot flashes
  • Fear
  • Unsettle
  • Distress
  • Excessive sweats
  • Shortness of breath
  • Worry
  • Tingling or numbness

What Causes Anxiety?

Anxiety surfaces when the brain becomes restless, either from environmental or genetic factors. However, there is no detailed scientific result that proofs the part of the brain responsible for anxiety.

By observation, psychologists have agreed the cause of anxiety is best likened to fear of fitting into society. More so, it has been associated with a lack of self-esteem.

What Tests Diagnose Anxiety?

A doctor can best conclude an individual to have anxiety disorder after carrying out several tests. Unlike many other illnesses, it cannot be deducted by a single test. Hence, your doctor will conduct cross-examinations involving psychological or mental balance.

Doctors will carry out a urine or blood test in rare cases where anxiety is due to medical conditions. As provided by Nurseline, a proficient doctor will identify your anxiety level to provide the best suitable treatment.

How To Treat Anxiety

Naturally, you can treat anxiety by focusing or thinking less of the condition responsible for the prolonged thoughts. Some people will cope well by adjusting to some lifestyles or behavioural changes, while others require medical prescriptions.

You can meet a psychotherapist or medical specialist at Catalyst Care Groups. Here, you can access different options until you identify the one that fits you best. In cases where medications are the best option, sedatives and antidepressants are the right doses.

The lifestyle changes that will help treat your anxiety are natural remedies. The common ones that have proven to work are:

  • Adequate sleep
  • Regular sleeping pattern
  • Mind and body activity
  • Avoiding alcohol and caffeine
  • Stop stopping cigarettes
  • Meditating
  • Eating a healthy and adequate diet

Helping Children with Anxiety

Naturally, many children tend towards being anxious about what is to come tomorrow. They can learn the right coping mechanism from the older ones with good training and practical examples.

If the anxiety in a child is neglected, it will turn chronic and interfere with their normal daily activities. It would help if you also looked out for anxiety symptoms in children, which are:

  • Jitteriness
  • Sleeplessness
  • Shame
  • Fear
  • Isolation
  • Irritability

The best form of treatment of anxiety in children is through talk therapy, also known as cognitive-behavioural therapy.

Can Food Treat Anxiety?

The most common treatment of anxiety is talk therapy and medication. Since healthy eating is a part of talk therapy, research has approved that food can play a vital role. The foods that can add benefits to brain function include:

  • Salmon
  • Turmeric
  • Yoghurt
  • Chamomile
  • Green tea
  • Dark chocolate


The best treatment for your anxiety is based on its severity, which is the duty of your doctor to recognize during examinations. Although humans can not erase anxiety from our lives, its effect can be suppressed. Hopefully, you will begin to pay attention to the state of your mind after knowing the causes, symptoms, and treatment of anxiety.