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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT, also known as Cognitive behavioural therapy, is a treatment that aids people in comprehending how their thoughts and activities can influence their feelings. It is centered on the notion that thoughts, actions, and feelings are interconnected. Meaning that creating an effect on one of these phenomena affects the remaining.

How CBT Operates

Often, when humans get angry, they tend to be subjected to negative thoughts, and they, in turn, respond to them. In the process, they feel worse than before. And if these actions and thoughts are not fought, they become a norm.

For instance, when people get depressed, they love to stay in solitude. They begin to feel unwanted or unworthy of people’s attention. They run into deeper depression and stay farther from people in the long run.

During CBTs, therapists reveal to their patients how they can reason and act so they can stop the norm and have healthier minds. Often, the therapy happens in different sessions every week. They can be between 6 to 13 sessions each week. It can be done as one therapist to one patient or one therapist to many patients at once, self-guiding journal, or online CBT schemes.

Differences Between The CBT and Other Therapies

Cognitive behavioural therapy is dissimilar to other talking therapies in different ways. They are listed below.

  • CBTs are short-term.
  • They concentrate on particular issues instead of general matters.
  • CBTs are structured. The discussions are arranged to suit conversations that consist only of problems and intentions.
  • The therapy focuses on current situations more than past happenings. Both the patient and the therapist study the present actions and reactions of the patient.
  • Each session comes with assignments to foster improvements. It could be jotting records of thoughts, actions, and feelings. It could also be that the patient practices what has been taught during the session.
Mother and her daughter in child occupational therapy session doing sensory playful exercises with the child psychotherapist.

What a CBT Session Looks Like

CBT sessions usually look different. But, they work with an identified structure. During the sessions, patients are asked to revise their previous tasks and state the reason for their failures if they fail. After the revision, the patient decides what the focus for that day would be.

The plan could be to revise previous tasks or discuss future projects. Also, the therapist could suggest activities to carry out so the patient’s reactions, feelings, thoughts, and actions. Some activities include role-plays, discussions, or worksheets.

After some discussion in the session, the therapist can give suggestions on extra tasks to carry out. For instance, if the patient opens up about being worried about disappointing people, the therapist can suggest that such a patient refuses every request from those people and watch what it feels like.

Truthfully, it can be difficult to face one ‘s fears. And therapists might want to play safe and not make requests that the patient would not want to oblige to. It is advised that therapists work with the pace of their patients and watch their progress.

What CBT Can Offer

This therapy is known as one of the best medications for mental issues. Studies propose that this therapy can effectively handle OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder), tension, PTSD, depression, schizophrenia, and others.

It is so efficient for individuals with health issues that last for a long time. An example is chronic fatigue syndrome. It should be noted that CBT does not change people’s physical signs. However, it can assist them in handling these conditions.

Elementary Age Girl in Child Occupational Therapy Session Doing Playful Exercises With Her Therapist.

When CBT Does Not Seem To Help

Yes, CBT is very efficient and effective, but they say different strokes for different folks. Meaning that the process might not be helpful. The first thing to do is inform the therapist about the situation for a change. In response to the report, the therapist can try a different technique.

In certain cases, some patients tend to get uncomfortable with their therapists. In a situation like this, the patient consults a different therapist. Depending on the kind of relationship between the patient and the therapist, it would be very easy to switch to a new person.

The reason for the inefficiency could be that talking therapies do not positively affect the customer. It could also be that the patient needs long-term treatment, unlike CBT that is short-termed.

How To Get CBT

Getting a CBT with other talking therapies can be done in the NHS. Without waiting for referrals from the doctor, they can check any therapy center. CBTs can also be obtained from private therapies.

Potential Risks of Performing CBT

Speaking of CBT, there are no considerable risks attached to the process. But, it should be noted that the whole process can make the patient vulnerable emotionally and uncomfortable.

Nevertheless, that should not be a problem because it is an inevitable part of the treatment. CBT is all about relating experiences and feelings, which might be painful. Some people get emotionally and mentally exhausted after the process.

Emotional expressions like these are evidence of the effectiveness of the process. Processes administered to individuals who are faced with anxiety and fear often cause the patients to either cry, be upset, or even be angry. This happens because the consultant makes their patients face their fears little by little.

It is advised that every patient be treated by an authorized practitioner because of how sensitive this form of treatment is.

Toddler girl in child occupational therapy session doing sensory playful exercises with her therapist.